In recent years, with the continuous escalation of public safety threats, especially the increasing challenge from natural disasters and public safety incidents, China's demand for emergency rescue and emergency management has become increasingly urgent.
In March 2018, China officially established the Ministry of Emergency Management of the PRC to prevent and resolve major safety risks, improving the public safety system, integrating and optimizing emergency resources, promoting the formation of an emergency management system with Chinese characteristics, improving disaster prevention and mitigation capabilities, and ensuring the safety of people's lives and property and social stability.
The government’s leadership, enterprise participation, and public cooperation have a cross-industry intersection for serving public safety in the emergency industry. The development of the emergency industry is conducive for disaster prevention and mitigation. It encourages the optimization of industrial structure and social stability, market expansion, profit growth of enterprises, and also general public safety and health.
Chinese experience in disaster response
China is one of the countries with the most severe natural disasters in the world, with many types of disasters, wide distribution areas, high frequency of occurrence, and heavy losses. From ancient times to the present, China has experienced thousands of years of struggle against disasters. At the same time, it has accumulated a large number of effective systems, rules and policy measures covering disaster prevention and mitigation, disaster relief, production restoration, amongst others. Post-disaster reconstruction, recovery of production and disaster prevention have played an extremely important role in China’s history.
With the rapid development of the economy and society, and the substantial improvement of national governance capabilities, the Chinese government had inherited the political tradition of active national participation in disaster management, and introduced the experience of disaster response management to other developed countries. A simultaneous development based on a coordinated orientation of demand and development is the main feature of the "Chinese experience" for a comprehensive disaster management, adapted to the characteristics of modern society.
As a strategic and emerging technology-led industry, the development of the emergency industry in China has also brought significant improvements in equipment, products, technology, and the emergency support capabilities. At the same time, developing the emergency industry and mobilizing the power of the whole society to participate in emergency response will help to change the current deficiencies in emergency management and allow professional and social emergency services to form a good complementary relationship with government forces.
In the new era, the emergency industry has ushered in the best historical development opportunity, and there is still a great room for future development. From the perspective of market size, according to the forecast data of relevant national ministries and commissions, the annual capacity of China's emergency industry market reaches 500 billion yuan, if it includes related industrial chains such as fire safety, emergency communications, disaster prevention and mitigation and public safety. In the field, the annual capacity of the market is as high as 100 billion yuan.
For decades, while actively preventing domestic natural disasters and major public safety accidents, China has also assisted other countries in the world during disasters and provided various emergency assistance.